03 October 2011

How Bill Gates is Saving the World?

Bill Gates, the man behind the Microsoft establishment along with Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, is the richest person on earth with a staggering wealth of $59 billion. Apart from being the richest, he has intense philanthropic side to him, which he has been realizing through his foundation 'Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.'

Let's take a look at the 10 important ways that he has been trying to change the world.

1. $2 billion to fight HIV

$2 billion to fight HIV

AIDS, a virus based disease, has shown to have varieties and have developed resistance to the medications developed to treat it. Bill Gates provided over 2 billion dollars for research into developing an AIDS vaccine. By putting the money on vaccines Gates have been able to decline the rate of HIV from 2001 to 2008. Gates foundation has made huge efforts in reducing the number of new HIV infections through comprehensive prevention efforts.

2. Eradicated polio entirely

Eradicated polio entirely

He has donated more than a billion dollars towards the eradication of polio. He regularly tours remote villages in India and Nigeria to study the impact of his philanthropy at the ground level. The multi-billionaire recently issued his annual letter through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, outlining its goals. Gates has been a big donor to world health programs and fighting polio in particular, and his letter calls for eradicating polio once and for all.

"There would be many benefits to eradicating the disease entirely, Gates argues, not just medical and financial, but moral. Success will energize the field of global health by showing that investments in health lead to amazing victories," he wrote.

Bill Gates believes if polio eradication is neglected, it could affect up to 200,000 children each year. But, polio is a hard disease to eradicate completely. In developing countries which have open sewers, up to 10 drops of polio vaccine are required.

A report said that On 27th 2011, Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates arrived in Nigeria to take stock of a campaign to rid Africa's most populous nation of polio following resurgence this year. Gates held talks with government officials and influential traditional leaders in Nigeria's worst-hit northwestern region. Reportedly, in 2009 and 2010, polio cases fell by 95 percent in Nigeria.

3. $1.5 billion on women and children's health issues

children's health issues

Gates Foundation spend $1.5 billion to support maternal and child health projects abroad. Gates foundation made the announcement at an international conference on women's health attended by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. The event was billed as the largest-ever conference on women's health.

On June 7, Women Deliver conference in Washington, D.C., Melinda French Gates said that maternal, child, and reproductive health should be a global priority.

'The world must come together to save women's and children's lives,' said Gates. 'In poor countries, pregnancy and child birth often end in tragedy. Our goal must be to build a world where every birth brings joy and hope for the future,' she added.

4. Reducing cases of Malaria

Reducing cases of Malaria

Bill Gates has invested huge efforts in bringing down the malice of malaria around the world. Bill Gates tried making a strong point by releasing mosquitoes to the audience at TED 2009 and said, 'Not only poor people should experience this.' Bill has been funding various malaria vaccine initiatives to help develop a vaccine for the deadly disease to come down especially by a test program. Gates foundation has helped reduce cases of Malaria in Zambia. It had helped people by making them sleep under insecticide treated bed nets, and had their homes spray with insecticide.

An international group of researchers, including Wageningen entomologists, has been awarded 8.3 million dollars by the Gates Foundation to spend on the development of scent traps for malaria mosquitoes. Malaria expert Dr. Willem Takken is the coordinator in Wageningen. This shows that the world's richest man clearly has almost defeated a disease that kills millions every year

5. Donations during natural calamities

Donations during natural calamities

The foundation made total grant donations of $3 million to various
charities to help with the aid effort for victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. The foundation made a donation of $500,000 for the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Again in 2010 Microsoft gave $1.25 million to humanitarian efforts in earthquake-devastated Haiti and also urged its employees to donate.

6. Joining hands with other billionaires

Joining hands with other billionaires

Both Bill Gates and Melina Gates believes to rope in other bil
lionaires around the world to join them in their fight against diseases and poverty. They had Warren Buffet supporting them in this struggle, he have been making huge donations for the upliftment of the poorer section of the society.

7. Poop into biodiesel

Poop into biodiesel

Kartik Chandran, an associate professor of Earth and Environmental Engineering at Columbia Engineering, has been awarded $1.5 million from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for his project to develop a revolutionary new model in water, sanitation, and energy and turning "fecal sludge" into biodiesel fuel.

Working with his partners Ashley Murray, founder and director of Waste Enterprisers, and Moses Mensah, a Chemical Engineering professor at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Chandran is developing an innovative technology to transform fecal sludge into biodiesel and create the 'Next-Generation Urban Sanitation Facility.'

8. Cassava a more healthy food

Cassava a more healthy food

The New York Times reported that a group funded by the foundation is working on "d
ecreasing the natural cyanide in the tubers, increasing the protein, iron, zinc and vitamins A and E, and engineering in resistance to new cassava diseases."

9. $42 million to reinvent the toilet

$42 million to reinvent the toilet

Bill Gates foundation is now eying to revolutionaries the toilet sys
tem. The foundation wants to help the 40 percent of the world that doesn't have toilets. Water hygiene and safe waste disposal are two of the biggest causes of infant mortality in the developing countries. Gates hopes to create inexpensive toilets to vastly improve the living conditions of millions of people. It may not seem to a big initiative but it's one that could save lives around the world.

10. Making a better banana

Making a better banana

The Gates foundation is funding research to add iron and Vitamin A to bananas as a collaborative effort between the Austrailan Queensland University of Technology (QUT) and the Ugandan National Agriculture Research Organisation. The modified bananas will be distributed in Uganda. James Dale, of Queensland University of Technology in Australia is working on the project.

The GM bananas were part of a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation project to address mineral and vitamin deficiencies in human nutrition is East Africa. The first Australian GM bananas genetically modified to contain increased levels of pro-vitamin A and iron have been picked and tested on March 2010.